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Turkey used as a dumping ground by UK and Germany

Turkey used as a dumping ground by UK and Germany

TBL web desk

The results of a Greenpeace investigation released last month reveal that Europe is still dumping plastic waste on other countries. New photo and video evidence shows that plastic bags and packaging from the UK and Germany are being dumped and burned across southern Turkey.

Greenpeace UK report features shocking photos of British grocery packaging in piles of burning and smoking plastic, three thousand kilometres away from the shops where the products were sold. Greenpeace Germany document featuring new analysis of plastic waste exports from Germany to Turkey also published. Packaging from German supermarkets such as Lidl, Aldi, EDEKA and REWE was found. In addition plastic waste from products of the brands Henkel, Em-eukal, NRJ and Hella.

“As this new evidence shows, plastic waste coming from Europe to Turkey is an environmental threat not an economic opportunity. Uncontrolled imports of plastic waste do nothing but increase the problems existing in Turkey’s own recycling system. Around 241 truckloads of plastic waste come to Turkey every day from across Europe and it overwhelms us. As far as we can see from the data and the field, we continue to be Europe’s largest plastic waste dump,” said Nihan Temiz Ataş, Biodiversity Projects Lead from Greenpeace Mediterranean, based in Turkey.

At ten sites dotted around the Adana province in southwestern Turkey, investigators documented piles of plastic waste dumped illegally by the roadside, in fields or spilling into waterways and floating downstream. In many cases the plastic was on fire or had been burned. Plastic from the UK was evident at all of these sites, and plastic from Germany was found at most of them. It included packaging and plastic bags from seven of the top 10 UK supermarkets such as Lidl, M&S, Sainsbury’s and Tesco, as well as other retailers such as Spar. German plastic included a bag from Rossmann, Snack Wurfel, Ja! and peach water packaging.

At least some of the plastic waste had been dumped recently. At one site, packaging for a COVID-19 antigen test was found amongst bags of UK plastic, indicating that the waste was less than a year old. Recognisable brand names on packaging included Coca Cola and PepsiCo.

“It is appalling to see our plastic in burning piles on the side of Turkish roads. We must stop dumping our plastic waste on other countries. The heart of the problem is overproduction. Governments need to take control of their own plastic problems. They should ban plastic waste exports and reduce single-use plastic. German trash has to be treated in Germany. Recent news talk about 140 containers full of plastic waste from German households sitting in Turkish ports. Our government has to take them back immediately,” said Manfred Santen, Chemist at Greenpeace Germany.

“The UK’s current approach to plastic waste exports is part of a history of environmental racism carried out through dumping toxic or hazardous pollutants. The impacts of plastic waste exports on human health and the environment are disproportionately felt by communities of colour. These communities have fewer political, economic, and legal means to oppose toxic dumping, so companies can act with impunity. As long as the UK avoids properly managing and reducing its own waste, it will be upholding this structural inequality. The UK government wouldn’t allow other countries’ waste to be dumped here, so why is it acceptable to make it another country’s problem?” said Sam Chetan-Welsh, political campaigner at Greenpeace UK.

New opinion polling by YouGov, commissioned by Greenpeace UK, reveals that 86% of the UK public are concerned about the amount of plastic waste the UK produces. The polling also shows that 81% of the UK public think the government should be doing more to deal with plastic waste in the UK, and that 62% of people support the UK government stopping exports of the UK’s plastic waste to other countries.

Ever since China’s ban on exported plastic waste in 2017, Turkey has seen a huge rise in waste coming from the UK and elsewhere in Europe. Greenpeace is calling on companies and governments to end plastic pollution and toxic waste dumping.

It is illegal to export plastic waste from both the UK and Germany unless it is destined to be recycled or incinerated in an energy-from-waste plant. The UK exported 210,000 tonnes of plastic waste to Turkey in 2020. Germany exported 136,000 tonnes of plastic waste to Turkey in 2020. More than half the plastic waste the UK government counts as recycled is actually sent overseas. Approximately 16% of the plastic waste the German government counts as recycled is actually sent overseas.

Exports of plastic waste from the UK to Turkey increased by a factor of 18 between 2016 and 2020, from 12,000 tonnes to 210,000 tonnes, when Turkey received almost 40% of the UK’s plastic waste exports. During the same time period exports of plastic waste from Germany to Turkey increased by a factor of seven, from 6,700 tonnes to 136,000 tonnes. Much of this plastic was mixed plastic, which is extremely difficult to recycle. In August 2020, INTERPOL noted an alarming increase in illegal plastic pollution trade across the world, with imported plastic waste dumped illegally and then burned.

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